IPM - International Perforation Management
high-tech engineering - Germany - Thailand - China
Email: grosse microperforation.com - perforationpeople web.de
copyright Werner Grosse Patent download http://www.microperforation.com/englishengineerreport.html main link http://www.microperforation.com/ipm-technology.html about patents http://www.learnaboutpatents.net/?cat=1 http://www.patents.com IPM PORTFOLIO ENGLISH IPM PORTFOLIO SPANISH anti counterfeiting laser solution MLL-1
Outstanding Micro Cluster Production Technologies
MLL-1 anti piracy micro laser treatment, line perforation real alternative for galvanometer or scanner, super-high speed rotate cone mirror, cluster micro technology for holes pattern, perforation design, waves, zigzag or packages lines, cryptograms, company logos, holograms, anti piracy, counterfeiting, security paper, safety, bank note, metal sticker, printing, laminating, coating, fruit, food, bread, vegetable, agriculture covering, credit cards, transparent film, holographic paper, cigarette, tipping, filter, aluminum foil, shrinkable film, tear tape, cardboard, matrix code, identification, marking, scribing, jewelry, automotive, pharmacy, golf, marina, tobacco, smoking, chemical, medical, product, electronics part, indicator, porosity contours or profile, embossing, bioengineering, membrane, filtration, focus, holographic, hinge-lid, pack. Patent pending DE102004012081.
LPM-1 micro laser cluster perforator, material treatment at wide web, large area, surface or entire material cluster treatment, cutting, welding, drilling, ablation, cleaning, melding, high power, ultra high speed rotate quad or twin laser beam splitter, twin level vacuum multiplexer, up to 4 Kilowatts laser input, flexible hollow fibers, HGW, HCW, up to 200 output channels, Co2. Material treatment and robotic handling for stainless steel, ceramic, aluminum, wafer, gold, glass, silver, brass, copper, wafer, silicon, titanium, silicon, solar, panel, photovoltaic, micromachining, slitting, rewinding, refining machines or stand along systems. Micro cluster perforation for all kind of paper or specific plastic web material. Patent grant DE102004001327.
Nano Micro perforation or other material surface treatment, electrostatic cluster perforation, micro perforator, for cigarette, tipping, filter, packaging, plug wrap, Kraft, cement, pet, powder, sack, bag, fine and other paper, silicon or other coating, certain plastic film, laminate, porosity from 80 up to 2,500 C.U., from 50 down to 4 Gurley, hole sizes from 50 nm up to 100 micron, hole densities from 80-260 h/cm2, zone widths from 2.0-6.0mm, up to 16,000,000 holes per Second, web speeds up to 600 m/min, web widths up to 2,000mm. Patent grant DE10328937.
Twin AC/AC, AC/DC frequency shift converter high power, high frequency, high voltage, ultra short mega peak current, electrostatic nano or micro cluster perforation, ignition, sparking, arc, cigarette, tipping, filter, fine, packaging, paper, plug-wrap, sack, bag, Kraft, food, plastic film, foil, textile, fabrics or other product, switching converter, compressor, emergency, train, ship or vessel power supply, generator, fuel cell, upward, downward, frequency shift switching unit, stabilizer, soft starter, vector, phase, inverter, servo system, motion, stepping, machine, asynchronous, standard, motor, torque, automation, remote, gas, slab, laser, diode, stack, fiber, fibre optics, beam, material, hybrid, plug-in, battery, renewable, energy, medical equipment, membrane, filtration, robotic, photovoltaic, industrial automation, drives, IGBT, MOSFET, FRETFET, HVFET, tube, rf, hv. Patent grant DE10328937.
Online OPSS-1 porosity vision scanning control system permeability cluster control for electro static or laser micro perforation machines, multiple color sensor head, spectral intensity, DSP, FPGA, CCD, line, precise, laser, position, material finger print detection, VIS wave length, opacity, defects, inspection, image control, scanner systems, process software, line, camera, vision control, filter, tipping, cigarette, book, packaging, magazine, bible, wall, Kraft, paper, coffee, tea, food, co-extrusion foil, film, agriculture, cement, domestic or other moving fabrics or web material. Patent pending DE10251610, China patent grant 200310104764.
In-suit dyne or surface tension control ODSTM-1 at fast moving substrate, plastic, film, foil, tear tape, laminate, co-extrusion, BOPP, LLDPE, LDPE, PE, PP, PVC, MOV, MOH, FEP, PET, OPP, PTFE, MPET, spectral, extinction, monolithic, sensor, analyzing, Subangstrom, roughness, measurement, wavelength, wobbling, stray, light, beaming, water drop, angle, inspection, corona, plasma jet, laser, IR, NIR, scanning, monolithic spectrometer, photonics, spectral, properties, reflectometer, scatterometry, ellipsometry, opto, acoustic, basic, weight, techniques, corona, flam, gas treatment. Previous patent application DE19543289.
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Nano Micro perforation - archipelagos of technical possibilities
optical online porosity and dyne - surface tension - vision control at high-speed webs
Nano Mikroperforation von Warenbahnen
Für unterschiedlichste Applikationsbereiche werden Materialbahnen wie Zigaretten-, Mundstückbelag-, Filter-, beschichtete Spezial-, Kraft-, Sack- oder Verpackungspapiere, Vliesstoffe, spun-bonded Non-Woven, technische Textilien, Fabrics, Laminate usw. mit Flächengewichten von 20 g/m2 bis zu 150 g/m2 Elektrostatisch – ESP – Nano Mikro oder Laser- oder mechanisch Mikro oder Makroperforiert.
Unter elektrostatischer NANO MIKRO PERFORATION sind statistisch unregelmäßig verteilte, in der Größe um ca. 50 % variierende und analog hierzu unter LASER oder Mikro/Makro mechanische PERFORATION, gleichmäßig angeordnete und im Durchmesser etwa gleichgroße, nach Möglichkeit runde, gradfreie Löcher und Lochreihen verschiedenster Anordnung zu verstehen.
Die mit dem menschlichen Auge unsichtbaren, elektrostatischen ESP Nano oder Mikroperforationen können flächen- wie auch zonenförmig in bestimmten Abständen innerhalb der Bahnen verteilt sein, wobei erzielbare Lochgrößen sich im Bereich von 1 - 120 um Durchmesser und Lochsequenzen von 1.5 – 16 Million Poren pro Sekunde bewegen. Zonenanordnungen sind in der Regel in Breiten von 2 bis 6 mm und mit Porendichten von 150 - 250 Poren pro cm2 ausgeführt, wobei Flächenperforationen Lochdichten bis zu 2 Million Poren pro m2 generieren. ESP Perforationen ermöglichen Porositätsbereiche von 80 – 2500 C.U., Bahnbreiten von 100 bis 2000 mm bei Bahngeschwindigkeiten bis zu 500 m/min, abhängig von der Porosität und Materialkonsistenz zur Perforierbarkeit.
Joint Kraft Paper mit elektrostatischer Makro Perforation, erzeugten company Logo, Scripts oder anderen Zeichen
Respektive durch gepulste oder auf geweitet sowie fokusserte Laserstrahlen sind Lochgrößen von 60 - 200 um bei Lochdichten von typischer Weise 10 – 30 Löcher pro cm, Lochsequenzen von 100.000 bis 500.000 Löcher pro Sekunde, bei maximal 32 Laserlochreihen über die Bahnbreite verteilt, möglich. Deren Porositätsbereiche bewegen sich zwischen 100 – 3000 C.U., in der Regel mit Bahnbreiten von 100 – 500 mm bei Bahngeschwindigkeiten bis 600 m/min, abhängig von der Porosität und Materialkonsistenz zur Perforierbarkeit.
Eine wesentliche Kardinalforderung, die für viele Applikationsbereiche und Produkte mit Vliesstoffen, Sack- oder Verpackungsbahnen, Non-Woven usw. mit einer Gas- oder Wasserdampfdurch- ABER Wasserundurchlässigkeit verbunden ist, finden sich im Anwendungsbereich der ELEKTROSTATISCHEN NANO MIKRO PERFORATIONSTECHNIK wieder, da Wasser aufgrund der höheren Oberflächenspannung die relativ kleinen Nano- oder Mikroporen nicht durchdringen kann. Diese und weitere physikalische Vorteile der relativ kleinen Poren fordern regelrecht den Einsatz der ESP Perforationsmethode, da die Applikationserfüllungen mit anderen Perforations- oder Prozessverfahren NICHT machbar, zu teuer oder unwirtschaftlich sind.
Perforation von Mundstückbelag oder Zigarettenpapierbahnen zur Ventilation von Filterzigaretten
Die elektrostatische ESP Perforation ist seit mehr als 25 Jahren zur Ventilation von Nichtfilter - oder Filterzigaretten eingesetzt, um einen gezielten und gesteuerten Luft Bypass, zu erzeugen. Hierzu wird das Zigarettenpapier für wenige Nichtfilter- oder bei fast allen Filterzigaretten das Mundstückbelagpapier elektrostatisch ESP OFFLINE oder mit Laserstrahlen in Zonen oder Lochreihen OFFLINE oder ONLINE perforiert, um Schadstoffanteile wie Nikotin und Kondensate für die Raucher auf vorgegebene Werte zu reduzieren und im Weiteren den Ventilationsgrad der Zigaretten gesteuert zu beeinflussen.
IPM – International Perforation Management – hat verschiedene Laser- und Elektrostatische Perforationsverfahren, insbesondere auch für neue Produkteigenschaften, entwickelt, deren Systeme und Produktionsmaschinen weltweit im Einsatz sind.
Optische inline Permeabilität oder Porosität Messung
Da die naturporösen oder zu perforierenden Bahnmaterialien mit Bahngeschwindigkeiten bis zu 600 m/min bewegen und in Bahnbreiten bis zu 2000 mm und mehr vorhanden sind, gestaltet sich eine pneumatische, also bahn berührende Porositätsmessung, exorbitant schwierig. Hinzukommend sind diese Messmethoden mit den Nachteilen der Bahnzugserhöhung, des Materialabriebs, Faltenbildung, Undichtigkeit im Messkopfbereich, starken Verschmutzungen, Nichtlinearitäten und Kalibrierungsschwierigkeiten stets verbunden.
Daher bieten sich optische Messverfahren zur Transmissionsmessung als Funktion der pneumatisch-statischen Gasdurchlässigkeit für naturporöse oder Nano, Mikro bzw. Makro perforierte Bahnen an. Dabei sind die gestellten Anforderungen aufgrund der eingangs genannten Produktverarbeitung und online Kontrolle, extrem kleinen geometrischen Porenabmessungen, relativ hohen Bahngeschwindigkeiten und guter Messwertreproduktion mit der optischen Porositätsmesstechnik in idealer Weise zu lösen.
Hierzu hat IPM International Perforation Management eine Reihe neuer, patenangemeldeter optischer Messverfahren und Systeme in stationärer oder traversierender Ausführung entwickelt, die weltweit im Markt eingeführt sind.
Die elektrostatische ESP Nano- oder Mikroperforation findet vorzugsweise ihre Anwendung in Bereichen der Veredelung von Feinpapieren, Verpackungsbahnen, Vliesstoffen, Non-Woven, Filter-, Sack- oder Kraft- sowie Spezialpapiere verschiedenster Art, insbesondere bei der zusätzlichen Behandlung von Bahnmaterialien zur Erzielung besonderer Eigenschaften, welche aus physikalischen oder prozesstechnischen Gründen NICHT mit anderen Verfahrenstechniken erreichbar sind.
Die state-of-the-art, industrietaugliche und im Dreischichtbetrieb zuverlässig arbeitende ESP Perforationstechnik, deren Integrationsmöglichkeit in vorhandene Umroller- oder sonstige Bahnlaufanlagen sowie auch als völlig eigenständig arbeitende Perforationsmaschinen möglich sind, wird zukünftig neue Anwendungsbereiche erschließen und Produkte mit besonderen Eigenschaften entstehen lassen.
Grundformeln zur praktischen Auslegung einer Anlage
Nur die elektrostatische Mikroperforation ermöglicht durch fein dosierte Energieeinkopplung und Funkenkanalerzeugung eine nano oder mikrofeine Ventilation für Packmittel mit erhaltenen Barriereeigenschaften, Schaffung von Atmungseigenschaften für Domestik- und Massenprodukte, industrielle oder medizinische Nano oder Mikromembranen mit Mikrocluster, Vliesstoffe und insbesondere Papierbahnen verschiedenster Art bei relativ großen Bahnbreiten und Transportgeschwindigkeiten, welche aus physikalischen oder prozesstechnischen Gründen nicht mit anderen Verfahrenstechniken erreichbar sind.
Dieser Trend wird sich für spezielle Produkteigenschaften und Anwendungen fortsetzen. Die state-of-the-art, industrietaugliche und im Dreischichtbetrieb zuverlässig arbeitende Nano Mikrocluster Perforationstechnik, deren Integrationsmöglichkeit in vorhandene Umroller- oder sonstige Bahnlauf- und Materialbewegungsanlagen sowie auch als völlig eigenständig arbeitende Produktionsmaschinen möglich sind, wird zukünftig neue Anwendungsbereiche erschließen und Produkte mit besonderen Eigenschaften entstehen lassen.
Durch Weiterentwicklungen von hybriden, modularen Schaltungstopologien mit IGBT, MOSFET, FRETFET oder HVFET zur Erzeugung stromgesteuerter Hochspannungsentladungsimpulse im Zeitfenster von 10 ns bis 15 µs und Pulsendladungen von 0.1 bis 3 mJ hat die Nanotechnologie und Submikroperforation auch im Bereich der Feinpapierveredelung und Verpackungsstoffverarbeitung Einzug gehalten. Auf die anderen zuvor genannte Applikationsbereiche ist dies für die beschriebene Mikroclustertechnologie übertragbar.
Nano micro perforation of diverse running webs
Material webs such as cigarette-, mouthpiece tipping paper, filter-, coated special papers, force papers, bag papers or packing papers, bonded fabrics, spun bonded non-woven, technical textiles, fabrics, laminate, etc. with base weights from 20 g/m2 to up to 150 g/m2, up to 20 g/m2 LPDE coating films, are perforated electro-statically – ESP – nano/micro or laser or mechanical micro or macro for different application purposes.
For a better comprehension: Electrostatic NANO MICRO PERFORATION are statistically irregularly distributed, varying by size up to 40 %, and analogically, under LASER or micro/macro mechanical PERFORATION, evenly arranged in diameter about the same in size, at best non-inclined holes und rows of holes of diverse arrangement. For the human eye invisible electrostatic nano or micro perforations may be arranged in areas as well as in zones with specific distances within its web. The sizes of the holes range from 1 to 120 micron diameter and hole sequences from 1.5 to 16 million pores per second.
Arrangements of zones are usually carried out in width from 2 to 6 mm and pore density of 15 to 250 pores per cm2 whereas the perforation of areas results in pore densities of up to 2 million pores per m2. ESP perforations allow for porosity levels from 80 to 2,500 C. U., width of webs from 100 to 2,000 mm at web speeds of up to 500 m/min, depending on the porosity and material consistency in relation to its ability to perforate.
Possible to perforate by pulsed or enlarged and focussed laser beams are hole sizes from 60 to 200 micron at density of holes of typical 10 to 30 holes per cm, hole sequences from 100,000 to 500,000 holes per second at a max. of 32 punctured rows by laser distributed over the width of the web with traditional systems or machine. Their porosity levels range from 100 to 3,000 C. U., normally with web widths from 100 to 500mm at web speeds of up to 600 m/min, depending on the porosity and material consistency in relation to its ability to perforate.
IPM owns development of LASER PERFORATION technology LPM-1 is patent grand and operates with quadruple beam inputs to a high power CO2 laser beam multiplexer to generate up to 200 individual laser perforation rows across the web, combines automatic laser perforation head positioning, focus setting, web speeds up to 400 m/min, web widths up to 2,000 mm, up to 4,000,000 holes per second, jumbo-roll-by-roll production, optical online permeability and perforation line positioning control, porosity feedback and other features. Each laser perforation lines are archive able from 100 up to 2,000 C.U.
The conception of high-power laser beam multiplexers enable many possibilities in other industry application fields as cutting, cut-offs, welding, surface finishing, drilling, polishing, forming, surface treatment, roughness improvement, etc.
Each of the 200 single perforation head can be positioned across the running web or static positioned material. The automatic processes, equipments and devises opening completely new possibilities in industry, science, military or space laser application.
A new patent pending Micro Laser Line perforation technology MLL-1 generates sinus, waves, zigzags or other kinds of perforations designs as multiple pairs of micro laser lines in the web direction. Provide for tipping, cigarette, packaging or other kind of paper webs.
These special features of micro laser line perforation enables fundamental new product characteristic in perforation scripts, e.g. for mouthpieces with tipping paper on cigarette filters, products indication with visible perforation holes as brand name or company logo, anti counterfeiting designs, perforation cryptogram, etc. As well is that process to use by other material, industry and application field.
Ventilation of mass products
Electrostatic perforation has been used since 30 years for ventilation of non filter, RYO or filter cigarettes to create a directed and guided air bypass or Lindstroem principle. For this purpose, cigarette paper for some non filter or RYO cigarettes and almost every kind of filter cigarettes tipping papers are perforated electro statically OFFLINE in zones from 2.0 – 6.0 mm width or in rows with ONLINE or OFFLINE by use of slow, fast flow, sealed-off or SLAB CO2 gas or diode laser in order to reduce the harmful substances such as nicotine and condensate down to allowed values. Another effect is the possibility to control the degree of ventilation of Cigarettes.
Online micro perforation, porosity profiling
Many years ago IPM had developed a multiple online electrostatic micro perforation OESP-1 units at cigarette making machines which was patent applied with EP0460369 and DE4018209.
The method and the device for electro-erosive perforation of cigarette paper basically operates with at least two pairs of electrodes which are ignited at the same time in such a manner that each perforation section is treated twice in order to provide a corresponding intensity of perforation, taking into consideration the duration of ignition and the web speed. In particular, the invention operates with at least four pairs of electrodes (I to IV), between which the web (10) of cigarette paper to be perforated is moved through. The cigarette paper is moved in the longitudinal direction of the cigarette to be produced later, the width corresponding to the circumference of the cigarette plus an overlap section for bonding. Perforating is carried out transversely to the direction of movement, that is to say an accurately defined zone section is produced around the circumference of the cigarette. The pairs of electrodes are arranged at a distance which corresponds to half the cigarette length (a, b, c) when four pairs of electrodes are used. The first and the third pair of electrodes are ignited simultaneously. A distance dependent control causes the second and fourth pair of electrodes also to be ignited simultaneously when the previously perforated sections have traveled the distance of half a cigarette length. Each section is perforated four times, the speed at which the web (10) can be moved being determined not by the spacing (half a cigarette length) of the pairs of electrodes but by the spacing of the pairs of electrodes in each case simultaneously ignited (one cigarette length). This provides for uniform, intensive and very powerful perforation and the cigarette paper treated can be continuously supplied to the cigarette machine for further processing in the longitudinal direction of the cigarette.
That electrostatic micro perforation process enables cigarette or tipping paper while cigarette making processes to reduce nicotine and condensate levels for non-filter and filter cigarettes as well. The OESP-1 devices opens fully new possibilities for cigarette or tipping paper ventilation during cigarette manufacturing by entire perforation cassettes integration into cigarette making machines as Max-S, Protos 80, Protos 90, Mark-9 etc.
Advantages during manufacturing
Compact all-over-dimensions, direct mechanical integration of perforation units, easy functional interfacing and full EMI acceptance in order of EN or NEC standards archiving high production efficiencies with controllable ventilation grades on highly automated cigarette making machines.
Liability and system investment
The ESP process OESP-1 has a high liability and is realizable with low investments and low running costs when compared with online macro or micro laser perforation processes. An online porosity control system OPSS-1 monitor continuously the air permeability, called optical online porovision or porosimeter, with a state-of-the-art technology to obtain a close-loop feed-back to the perforation unit to keep ventilation grades constant.
Conclusion: Online micro perforation processes are possible to use for other mass products and application fields with full system integration in entire production lines as bag, sack, packaging manufacturing etc.
more details http://www.microperforation.com/online-perforation-cigarette.html
IPM - ONLINE LASER PERFORATION with patent grand high speed multiplexer DE102004001327
A – laser source and IPM patent grand multiplexer with 8 optical channels
B – bobbin unwinder and perforation heads
C – tipping paper strips with 8 laser perforation lines
further information on request
Special applications and product properties with ESP electrostatic perforation
One of the foremost postulation which can be applied to many application purposes and products containing bonded fabrics, bag- or packaging papers, non-woven, etc. with gas or steam permeability but water im permeability will be found at the application stage of the ELECTROSTATIC NANO MICRO PERFORATION TECHNOLOGY. Which means pore sizes from 0.5 up to 10 µm diameter by up to 5 million per m2. This is due to the water’s greater surface tension which hampers the permeation through the relatively small nano or micro pores. These and other physical advantages of the relatively small pores necessarily demand the application of the ESP perforation method because alternative perforation or processes are NOT feasible, too expensive or simply uneconomical and would not lead to a successful application.
To archive new ESP demands IPM developed/patent grand new electronic perforation circuits which working as upward converters with IGBT’s, MOSFETS’s or HVFET’s for power pulses from 1 up to 25 micro second, high current peaks up to 300 Amps, base frequencies up to 200 KHz on ferrite transformers to generate 50 Kilovolt to each sparking electrode.
Sophisticated multi functional optical online sensor systems
IPM has developed a number of new, patent pending, stationary, scanning optical control processes, devices and systems for fast moving webs or fabrics to detect very precise and reproduce their specified product properties in online operation during production.
OPSS-1 OPRL-1 vision control systems are equipped with multiple IR, NIR, VIS monolithic spectral color sensors, precision line lasers, CCD imagine devices, DSP, ATMEL and INFINEON sensor internal controllers, own firmware, high speed data link, at scanning speeds from 20 up to 500mm per second, at web widths up to 5,000 mm, measuring gaps from 2.0 up to 5.0mm, optical inline detection of permeability, porosity, spectral transmission, opacity, extinction, particle absorption, porosities ranges from 80 up to 5,000 C.U. (Coresta), respective from 50 down to 3 Gurley, position control of micro perforation lines with 0.1mm accuracy, nano micro pores from 50 nm up to 200 micron diameter by up to 300 pores per cm2. With real time data determining of certain parameters, optical transmission, spectral grades, porosity integrals, envelope curves, internal calculated measuring values.
Thus direct with close loops and feedbacks to the power electronics of fabrics treatment units. Micro perforation or other system makes it possible to compensate any changes in web treatment parameters and their partial locations so that each jumbo roll as well single, quad bobbin sets can be produced quantity and quality controlled without intermediate stops in order of ISO 9001/9002 certification.
Thus sophisticate, precise, liable, repeat accuracy, easy visualized, optical online measurement techniques archives perfect ways to control and convert pneumatic, fluid, gas, jet streams, static permeability, naturally porous grades, filtration levels, breathable or ventilation effects, etc. at fast moving webs. Their conditions can be easily met by using optical transmission technology thanks to described processing in fully online stationary or scanning control units, extremely small pore dimensions, high fabric speeds up to 1,000 m/min by high repetition rates. That completely independent from base material properties as consistency, coloring, density, formation, pin holes, smoothness, stretching, shrinking, brightness, opacity, optical spectral property, gauging thickness weight, moisture content and other known influences.
The electrostatic nano or micro perforation, including Co2 slab fiber yag excimer diode laser, other material going trough or surface treatment, as well for micromachining and nanotechnology, is usually used depending on quality at fine, rotogravure or offset printing, holographic or publishing paper, writing, magazine, newspaper, packaging, bonded fabrics, non-woven, filter, coffee, tea, bag, sack, craft, food, fresh fruit, force, reinforce, tipping, cigarette, plug wrap, fiber, facial tissues, toilet, decoration, wallpaper, gift, watermark, towels, bleached dyes shiny or clay, recycling, booklet, bible or other special paper, certain plastic films, foils, coating, laminating, extruding, Polyofine, Polysulfone, Elastomer, textile, Polymer or most of that varied types.
It is also used especially for additionally treating materials when aiming special characteristics by physical or regular process reasons cannot be achieved by other process technologies. Material base weights from 10 up 150 grams per m2 by thickness from 5 up to 100 micron are possible to use. Including defect inspection, process automation, moisture vapor transmission rate, abrasion resistance for lamination of waterproof and breathable fabrics.
Our state-of-the-art, industrially approved, sophisticated, compact, multi functional, optical online sensor scanning systems together or without electrostatic, laser perforation technology operates precise and reliable 24/7, are integrate able into existing rewinding, slitting, spooling, spreading, printing, labeling, complex production lines or other machines and other production processes as well. Also, they can be used as completely independent micro surface-all-over or zone perforation units. Fully new ranges of applications will be made available total new products with special features.
Optical online permeability or porosity sensor scanning control
Since naturally porous web materials or web materials to be perforated are processed with speeds of up to 600 m/min and web widths of up to 2,000 mm are used, a pneumatic porosity measuring, hence measuring whilst touching the web are highly difficult. Further difficulties of pneumatic measurements are the disadvantages of rising of web tension, material abrasion, folding, leakage at measuring head, impurities, non linear processing and calibration problems.
Thus, optical measuring offers better ways for transmission measuring the pneumatic static permeability for naturally porous or nano, micro or macro perforated webs. The conditions mentioned above can be easily met by using the optical porosity measuring technology thanks to the mentioned product processing and online control, extremely small pore dimensions, relatively high track speeds and a good value repetition.
That full independent from principle material facts as consistence, thickness, weight, colouring, formation, smoothness, brightness, opacity, and other influences.
Therefore, IPM International Perforation Management has developed a number of new, patent pending, stationary and transverse optical measurement processes and systems which working with multiple colour sensors, a precision line laser, scanning speeds from 20 – 200 mm per second, porosity ranges from 80 up to 3,000 C.U., perforation lines detection by 0.1mm, nano micro holes sizes from 0.5 up to 500 micron diameter and up to 250 holes/cm2 to determine all data in real time with an internal controller unit in order of multiple light transmission and perforation profiles to determine envelope curves as well porosity integrals.
Thus direct feedback into the perforation system makes it possible to compensate any changes in terms of porosity and perforation locations so that each jumbo production roll up to 24,200 meters as well single or quadruple bobbin sets can be produced/controlled without intermediate stops and certificated in quantity und quality on their end.
The electrostatic ESP nano or micro perforation usually applies within ranges of the refinement of fine paper, packaging webs, bonded fabrics, non woven, filter paper, bag or force paper as well as special paper webs of most diverse kind especially when additionally treating course materials for achieving special characteristics which for physical or process reasons cannot be achieved by other process technologies.
Our highly modern, industrially approved ESP perforation technology operation which even can be relied on when operated 24/7 can be integrated into existing rewinding course devices or other course devices. Also, they can be used as completely independent perforation devices.
New ranges of applications will be made accessible as new products with special features will be developed.
IPM – International Perforation Management – has developed many different kind of laser or electrostatic perforation processes especially for new product characteristics. Their devices, systems and machines are in use world-wide.
High power laser multiplexer for industry applications
wide web micro perforation machines LPM-1
with tipping, packaging paper, plastic films, other material substrates
Patent grant DE102004001327
Patent download http://www.microperforation.com/englishengineerreport.htmlMicro laser perforation Laser perforation in general, possible to perforate by pulsed or enlarged and focused laser beams are holes sizes from 60 to 200 micron at holes densities of typical 10 to 30 holes per cm, holes sequences from 100,000 to 400,000 holes per second at maximal 16 punctured laser rows, register distribute cross material web width with traditional systems or machines. Means for cigarette, tipping, plug wrap, filter, packaging, pack, tear tape, plastic and other material. With porosity levels from 100 up to 3,000 C. U., normally in web widths from 100 to 500mm at web speeds of up to 600 m/min, depending on porosity and material consistency in relation to its ability to perforate. IPM’s laser cluster material treatment, perforation technology IPM’s laser cluster material treatment perforation technology LPM-1 is patent grant by DE102004001327 operates with quadruple Co2 or other laser types, beam inputs up to 4 Kilowatt to supply a high power twin level, vacuum operates multiplexer. High spins of quad laser beams generates up to 200 individual optical output channels to supply special made flexible hollow fibers HCW, HWG, fibre optics, to archive micro perforation rows cross moving web or static material, combines automatic positioned laser perforation heads, each with motor driven focus, web speeds up to 400 m/min, web widths up to 2,000mm, up to 2,500,000 holes per second, jumbo roll-by-roll production, optical in-line permeability scanner control for perforation line position and quality, porosity feedback, hi-tech automation level and other features. Each laser micro perforation lines can archive 100 up to 1,000 C.U.
MLL-1 nano micro laser line perforation or material treatment as paper, metal or many other substrates and applications
Patent pending DE102004012081
Super-high speed for Co2 laser beam control Technologically performed of Piezo oscillators or ultra-high scan speeds up to 4,000 Hz or 240,000 rpm with commercial air-bearing motors. REAL galvanometer scanner alternatives, precise laser beam deflection up to 4 Kilowatt Co2 by high dynamic performances. From 8 up to 15mm laser beam aperture diameter, advantage beam quality factor M2 less then 0.9 for focus spots down to 60 micron. Absolute diffraction limits, because small focused spot sizes which are proportional inversely of laser beam input diameter. In other words, larger laser beam apertures will produce smaller focused spot sizes, as especially needed for micro cluster perforation, drilling and other micro machining applications. Spin actuator with special optical coating, optimized outer shape, very precise rotation balance by inner body laser ablation, hollow body with inner cavities by low mass material condition, excellent relation of stiffness-to-weight, high hardness, adapted total vibration free vacuum cylinder case, asymmetrically rotary reflection cones from 40 up to 80mm base diameter, average mirror surface roughness lower as 0.1 micron, form accuracy lower 0.01 micron, operation sequences are precise synchronize with material speed. Envelope curves of the selected perforation pattern are storage and calculated by PLC control before single holes and holes groups supervised during production processes. Product process advantages enable total different product indicators and milestones against other laser perforation or material treatment processes which allows significant product property, trademark indications, patent claims, unique company features in micro perforation of tipping, cigarette packaging or other paper or material. E.g. wide range of laser perforation groups as common active ventilation zone to obtain several advances in air stream distributions into cigarette filter, perfect perforation line guiding around cigarette filters or other food, domestic, industry products to assure constant porosity results. Several pattern or wave line design for different brands, number of holes or pattern with 10 or 20 per cm length are constant, porosity range from 100 up to 1,000 C.U., holes sizes from 60 up to 120 micron, holes densities from 100,000 up to 500,000 holes per second in total. From 1 up 6 perforation pattern, lines, marks or scripts can combines a group, perforation hole, pattern quality or porosity remains in standard levels. Other web material, substrate or products are treatable in similar processes, existent laser perforation, treatment machines are able to modify with new optical, micro mechanical and control elements. Low investment and finance budget of technical modifications because exchanges of certain elements, complete devices are adaptable on existent off-line perforation machines or other laser treatment handling systems. Capability to adapt beam divert devices or units at on-line perforation system at cigarette making machines up 12,000cpm.
High-speed rotate octagonal beam splitter
Outstanding product applications For web or sheet material, metal, isolation, foil, film, plastic, substrate, leather, textile and paper enables now large number of possibilities for micro hole position, different pattern, design, wave, zigzag, cryptograms, scripts, marking, scribing, scratching, tear off lines or others which generates. E.g. optimize air distribution characteristics into cigarette filters, unique anti counterfeit piracy indication and not countable product advantages. Special remark creates fundamentally new product properties, e.g. as final products for mouthpieces with tipping paper at cigarettes or other tobacco, packaging, security products, flip off or hinge-lid packs. Specific indication of brand names to recognizable for everyone and even for product buyers, if micro design, holes, patterns, holograms are to see with magnified views only. Or sensitive touch able as Braille scripts generated by micro cluster cryptograms or holograms. MLL-1 targets many existent and new applications with high speed scans of laser beam divert in horizontal or vertical position. Sophisticated ultra high speed spins optical divert elements allows low budget modifications at existent systems and production machines. Micro-Laser-Line technology means real alternative for high speed galvanometer scanner to archive micro cluster perforation, pattern design, waves, zigzag, packages line, cryptogram, company logo, hologram, anti counterfeit piracy contours for security paper, safety, bank notes, cards, metal sticker, printing, laminating, coating, fruit, food, bread, vegetable, agriculture covering, transparent films, plastic sheets, holographic paper, cigarette, tipping, filter, aluminum foil, shrinkable film, tear tapes, label, cardboard, matrix, marking, scribing, automotive, pharmacy, smoking, chemical or medical products, electronics part, chips, indicators, writing contours or profiles, embossing or holographic. The patent of devise, process and product properties are pending as DE102004012081.
Other industry fields The conception of high power twin level laser beam multiplexer enables plenty options in other industry application fields as cutting, cut-off, welding, surface finishing, drilling, ablation, cleaning, micromachining, polishing, forming, melting, surface treatment, roughness improvement. Each of 200 single laser beam and coupled flexible hollow fiber HWG HCW up to 3,000mm length allows treatment processes or perforation heads for precise, compact, robotic positioning in X/Y direction of running web or static placed sheet material. Automatic PLC controlled processes, equipments and devices enables now outstanding possibilities in industry, metal, plastic, domestic, tobacco product, medical, hygienic, wall covering, security cards, bank notes or food application. LPM-1 means cluster material treatment at wide web, large area, surface or whole material treatment, high power twin or quad rotation laser beam splitter, mirror into a vacuum twin level multiplexer, Co2, YAG, Fiber, Excimer, UV laser with multiple optical inputs, flexible hollow fibers, HCW, HWG up to 200 output channels. Material treatment and robotic handling for stainless steel, ceramic, aluminum, wafer, glass, ceramic, brass, copper, wafer, silicon, plastic sheets, titanium, jewelry, silicon, solar, panel, photovoltaic, micromachining, slitting, rewinding, refining, hybrid laser cutting machines or stand along systems.
IGBT dual high power, high frequency, high voltage switching converter units
Patent grant DE10328937
On a high level operate engineering company develops a dual, high power, high frequency switching unit which works with hybrid drives, compact EMI safe semiconductor stages, supporting capacitors, high voltage ferrite transformers to generate HV short pulses and sparking groups. Advantages are based on uses of standard circuits with extended semiconductors for e.g. nano, sub or micro perforation applications, corona treatments etc. The company is looking for science or industrial partners who are interested in a licence agreement and or technical co-operation.
Industry application of electrostatic perforation for fast running paper webs using IGBT, MOSFET or HVFET semiconductor power stages. These circuits working as upward converters with power pulses in ranges from 5 up to 25 micro sensond and high current peaks up to 300 Amps on a serial connected inductivity and loading capacity that the secondary ferrite transformer coils supply sparking electrodes up to 50 Kilovolt.
The circuit works itself with alternating clock frequencies and changes of pulse widths a common load condenser and coupled primary inductance of a ferrite high voltage transformer as upward power/pulse converter and non resonance frequency operation.
A safety circuit logic and two hybrid drivers allows a alternately switching of semiconductor A and B which generating higher operation frequencies and power levels meanwhile the electrical and thermal conditions remains on each in the same range as a single switching unit.
A control pulse timing into a certain time window with a constant or variable frequency generating hole sizes and hole sequences with high voltage sparking through the material webs by nano or micro perforation. The repeating frequencies of the entire circuit can up to the double switching frequency as of each semiconductor stage.
A changeable current in the spark channel are feasible with total switching frequencies up to 150 kHz. And in the same time the dual semiconductor switching unit allows a double power level as just only with one switching element is possible.
Dual IGBT, HVFET or MOSFET semiconductors in high power, high current, high voltage circuits obtain in electrostatic nano, sub micro perforation, corona treatment or other switching application frequencies up to 250 KHz, power level up to 30 KW and more. Higher power efficiencies and harder switching periods are further advantages.
In conclusion the approximately double frequency and power level operation obtains higher switching efficiencies, much more perforation power or higher corona treatment levels which are depend of the industry application.
Nano, Sub Micro Perforation
Perforation results are now achieve for nano, sub and micro perforation of flexible webs with ultra small pores and products made of these materials. Materials finishing are of interest for numerous demands in the field of packaging, in filling, non-woven industry, technical and science applications, etc. For many years fine and other paper webs with base weights between 20 up to 150 g/sqm have been perforated electro statically in large surface all over areas or zone designs of 2.0 – 6.0 mm width.
Pore sizes from 0.5 up to 60 micron or 1 to 100 micron, pore distributions of up to 4 Million per m2 in area perforation or respectively 3OO holes per cm2 by zone perforation and hole sequences up to 16 Million per Second can be reached. Air permeability or porosity ranges are among from 50 up to 2,500 C.U. (ml/sqcm/min) respectively 3 to 50 l/sqm/sec. (Franksystem) by paper web speeds up to 450 m/min and web widths up to 1,200mm are archive able.
Electrostatic perforation processes and machines, corona treatment, surface treatment, high power switching devices, power supplies, AC&DC and other switching converter systems, drives, etc. Fine paper, cigarette, packaging or other fine paper industries, corona system manufacture, switching device manufacture, high power converter equipment, AC/DC, DC/AC industry etc.
The new dual semiconductor circuit design allows applications to build hybrid drives, semiconductor high-level stage, upward, downward or other converters or generators which operating with supporting capacitors, high-voltage ferrite transformers in an extremely compact and modular design. Several advantages are the high efficiency of pulse/power transmission and energy ratios.
Traditional corona or other type of medium generators up to 30 KHz operation ranges are easy to modify to a double frequency and power levels operation.
Optical inline OPSS-1 porosity permeability vision scanning systems
Patent pending DE10251610 – China patent grant 200310104764
A German-Thai hi-tech, engineering company has developed an optical online porosity or permeability scanning system. It works with two different multiple sensors units, i.e. precise line laser, colour sensors and internal controller unit for real-time positioning and porosity control in light transmission mode whilst scanning across the fast running webs up to 600 m/min.
The main advantage compared to existing technologies is the measurement of perforation zone/line positions and porosity levels in the same time while the scanner system across the running material web up to 2,000 mm width.
Science, R&D, Universities, industrial partners for a licence agreement and / or technical co-operation are sought.
The porosity control of natural porous and/or perforated web material in laser or electrostatic perforation systems which are produced in speed ranges up to 600 m/min and web widths up to 2000 mm is difficult to measure with pneumatic systems because of following disadvantages: web tangency, web toughing, material flaking, formation of folds, dust and dirt entering the system.
These difficulties can be overcome with stationary or scan, optical porosity measurement systems for porosity ranges from 80 up to 5,000 Coresta units (ml/2cm2/min) respectively 3 to 50 l/m2/Sec. (Franksystem) by nano, micro or macro holes sizes from 0.5 up to 500 micron and hole densities from 10 macro holes per cm up to 400 holes per cm2. The optical online porosity control technology is designed to scan perforation zones with a multiple sensor and their positions with a precision line laser to determine all data in real time with an internal controller unit. It controls roll material or bobbin formats, either as a stand-alone unit or mechanically coupled with existing scanning units which measure the material weight, thickness, opacity, density, brightness, smoothness, formation, etc.
By laser and electrostatic perforation in bobbins and wide paper web formats optical online control processes and their devices are indicated with transverse movements across the web and simultaneously collections of perforation positions and porosities by two different sensor systems.
Both measuring systems move transversely between 50 up 400 mm/Second over the fully web width. They consist of a line laser detect the quality and position of single holes, groups of holes or defined perforation zones into the measuring gap of 5.0mm. At the same time, the multiple light transmission sensors monitor all porosity profiles and determines envelope curve and calculate the integrals.
Applications and Advantages
Thus direct feedback into the perforation system makes it possible to compensate any changes in terms of porosity and perforation locations so that each jumbo production roll up to 24,200 meters as well single or quadruple bobbin sets can be produced and controlled without intermediate stops and certificated in quantity und quality on their end.
Natural porous or perforated web material as cigarette, tipping, plug-wrap, filter, packaging, non-woven, flees, coated paper as well micro or macro perforated plastic films as BOPP, LDPE, PP, EVA, HDPE, etc. are controllable with the OPSS-1 scanning system.
In-suit dyne and surface tension control at high-speed running plastic film or other substrates patent download http://www.microperforation.com/englishengineerreport.html previous patent application DE19543289 - download ODSTM-1-PATENT
Described is a method and device for optical inline tough less surface tension control ODSTM-1 by which the fast moving substrate runs through the measuring gap. It’s transmitted with a chromatic beam and spectral selected light source were two optical channels are displaced and polarized by 90 degree to each other. Both optical axles are precise and motor driven shift able in certain angles from 25 up to 65 degree. The spectral light photons, transmission, extinction, absorption grades are detectable by two optical CCD imagine vision devices which are integrate in the sensor case on the other side of the substrate.
Moving substrates means plastic foils, flexible, high-tech films, laminate, coating, bonding, labeling, co-extrusion, BOPP, LDPE, LLDPE, HDPE, MDPE, MAS, MEV, PET, FEP, PP, PE, PS, PO, EVA, PTFE, PVC, PTFE, DPC, BOPS, Vinyl, Polyester, Wrapping, Olefin, self-adhesive tape, high strength, cross-laminated, adhesive-coated films, reflective or magnetic sheeting, automotive tape products, inkjet media, Polyethylenex, heat sealing, sewing of plastic film, pressure sensitive tapes for the entertainment industry, graphic and specialty arts for general industrial and electrical applications, building or engineering industry, photographs, masking or printable plastic films, flat or corrugated rigid foamed thermoplastic sheets, polycarbonate, acrylic, PETG.
Extruded or polished cellulose, optical grade polycarbonate, sheets for IR or laser protection, welding filter grade sheets, films for video, imaging, capacitor or thermo transfer applications, foamed polypropylene film with decorative ribbons, binary-oriented polystyrene sheets, multi layer co-extruded film, high impact PVC and PETG, polyimide film, tape and flat films for aerospace automotive medical agriculture marine automotive household commercial domestic construction industry, municipal and leisure applications, clear matt semi-matt finishes or colored, micro-porous membranes for use in alkaline lithium batteries, fuel cells and filtration equipment. By gauges from 10 to 100 micron, fabric widths up to 10,000mm and web speeds up to 18 meters per second.
Material specific wavelength selection between 1,200 up to 1,800 nm, material specific finger prints, molecular spectral properties, transmission grades, optical angle scanning, Lambert Beersche law determining, ultra low level stray scatter light detection, polarization, slot diaphragms, transverse displacements control the light beams along/far from the optical X and Y axes. The results are extreme scattering, diffraction, NIR, IR, stray light photons generation into the layer areas at both sides of the moving substrate.
Their reflected and transmitted light intensities enables the determination by defined formulas and data matrixes the surface tension values in ranges from 28 up to 62 mN/m which are direct associate and bond to real static values for Statistical Quality Control (SQC).
And this entirely independent of the material specific influences as like surface consistency, thickness, density, weight, opacity, coherence, filling, stretching, shrinkage, structure, co-extrusion, polar grouping, temperature, intrinsic motivation or viscosity, hydrophobia, hydrophilic molecules, hydrogen, photonics, mol mass, moisture, water steam proof, bi-layer, polymer, patterning, nanostructure, irradiation, isotopic, catalyst, multi atomic, coherence, absorption, photo mask effect, roentgen, X-ray, radiation, resonance bands, REM, TEM, FIC, IEC, ESCA electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis ASTM or ATR method, property, ellipsometry, opto-acoustic photonic liquid effects, pre material treatment as corona, plasma, flam treatment.
Specific information by website links and patent resources.
The former patent application DE19542289 concerns a method and device for optical dynamic, i.e. a non-contact, in-line surface-tension / surface-energy measurement for running substrates whereby the detection can be in the transverse-direction or in the running-direction of the web.
In the context of this invention, running substrates or moved web material is to be especially understood as being plastic films like PE, PP, LDPE, HDPE, BOPP, LLDPE, EVOH, PTFE, PET, PS, PMMA, PBMA, PVC, PA and also laminated or coated film or paper webs which still show a measurable optical transmission in the wavelength range of 1200 to 2,200 nm.
A higher material wetting capacity, respectively, a higher material adhesion capacity, which can be achieved by increasing the surface tension, is demanded in many application cases for better printability, coatability or adherence capacity during the manufacture, finishing, printing and processing of running substrate webs.
Described is a method and device for optical dynamic in-line surface-tension measurement in ranges from 30 dyne up to 60 dynes in which a substrate web running vertically through a measuring gap is subjected to a chromatic light transmission from two optical channels displaced by 90° to each other. This light transmission is detectable by two optical detection systems located on the other side of the web.
Material specific wavelength selection, light transmission angle changes, polarisation slot diaphragms and transverse displacements of the light beam feeder along the optical X-axis result in extreme scattering and diffraction of the IR light photons in the boundary layer area on both sides of the sub-nano layer within the substrate web. Their transmitted light intensity enables, after detection and evaluation, the determination of a direct relationship to the absolute surface tension.
And this entirely independent of the material-specific influences like: material and surface consistency, crystallinity, thickness, density, structure, polar grouping, temperature and type of pre-treatment.
Non-contact, realtime and in-line operation surface-tension or surface-energy dyne - measuring systems for running webs as like plastic films in general, coatings, laminates etc. does not exist world-wide. Due to the broad application field of surface-treated or surface-non-treated webs of plastic film, non-woven fabric, laminates or coated paper, there is unimaginable market potential here in respect of the in-line process measuring of the surface tension - dyne - and an inline control of the dyne treatment level and moderate quality control.
companies from the abroad are serious interested in project cooperation, system
development, prototyping and test, manufacturing and world wide sales,
system purchasing and license in respect of the ODSTM-1 Process Measuring
Actual projects situation of the ODSTM-1 development project
Further information concerning publications, patents and engineering reports are specified in the above mentioned applications. Several spectral measurements as well the feasibility study with well known optical institutes are positive done. Furthermore some significant modifications and breakthrough of the base ODSTM-1 measuring process with the using of state-of-the-art monolithic spectrometers and PC support. Specific information about the actual development and project status of the ODSTM-1 system on request.
Concerning the actual ODSTM-1 development and project status after certain developments with known optical institute are large numbers of specific measurements with a monolithic spectrometer in a wave range between 1,200 – 1,600 nm positive done all measurements where based on the detection principle which is described in the former patent application. used are non-treated LDPE films in 70 and 90 micron thicknesses and 28 mN/m the comparison is used the same LDPE films with one side corona treated with 38, 48, 52 and 60 mN/m their test results where positive with a good prospect to going further in that way
Base data of Opto-Dynamic Surface-Tension Measuring system ODSTM-1
· web width : up to 6,000 mm
· web speeds : up to 600 m/min
· substrates : PE, PP, HDPE, LDPE, PET, EVA, BOPP, PTFE, PVC and 100 others
· surface-tension measuring range : 30 - 55 mNm
· resolution, respectively, reproduction : +/- 0.5 mNm
· single-sided or double-sided measurement of the treated or untreated sides of the film
· IR wavelength range : 1,200 nm - 1,800 nm
· mode of operation : dual scattered-light/multiple-sensor system with variable wavelengths in transmission mode
· measuring method : similar to ellipsometry
· measuring gap : approx. 5 - 20mm
· stationary and/or web-traversing measuring head
· optical fibre waveguide feed to measuring head system
· spatially remote, highly-stable IR light source with beam processing
· wavelength variation via a monolithic optical converter
· industrial PC, multi processor system, data recording, data analysis, product documentation, statistics, etc.
· actual-value output : analogue 0 - 10 V via optical fiber or serial RS 232, etc.
Described is a method and device for opto-dynamic in-line surface-tension measurement in which a substrate web running vertically through a measuring gap is subjected to a chromatic light transmission from two opto-channels displaced by 90° to each other. This light transmission is detectable by two optical detection systems located on the other side of the web.
Material-specific wavelength selection, light transmission angle changes, polarisation slot diaphragms and transverse displacements of the light beam feeder along the optical X-axis result in extreme scattering and diffraction of the IR light photons in the boundary layer area on both sides of the sub-nano layer within the substrate web. Their transmitted light intensity enables, after detection and evaluation, the determination of a direct relationship to the absolute surface tension.
And this entirely independent of the material-specific influences like: material and surface consistency, crystallinity, thickness, density, structure, polar grouping, temperature and type of pre-treatment.
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